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Refugee Claims

refugee girls

 

Canada grants protection to refugees and persons in need of protection under domestic Canadian law as well as a number of United Nations Conventions and Treaties. 



In Canada or at a Canadian Border

 

Canada is a signatory to the 1951 United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees. Under this Convention, Canada grants refugee protection to individuals who are outside their country and have a well-founded fear of persecution upon returning to their country on the basis of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion.

 

Canada also provides protection to individuals whose removal to their home country would subject them to a danger of torture, a risk to their life, or a risk of cruel and unusual treatment or punishment.

 

Claimants must demonstrate that other alternatives have been exhausted or were not available, and that the state authorities in the claimant’s home country were unable or unwilling to provide protection.

 

Outside Canada

Refugees from outside Canada fall into two classes:


Convention Refugee Abroad Class

Individuals who are outside their country and afraid to return due to one of the grounds recognized by the 1951 Convention (listed above) may be eligible to apply for resettlement to Canada. To do so, they must be referred by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) or another referral organization, or be sponsored by a private sponsorship group, and selected as a government-assisted or privately sponsored refugee, or have the funds needed to support themselves and any dependants after arrival in Canada.


Country of Asylum Class

Individuals who are outside their home country or the country where they normally live and are seriously and personally affected by civil war or armed conflict, or have suffered massive violations of human rights, may be eligible to apply for resettlement in Canada. To do so, they must be referred by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) or another referral organization or be sponsored by a private sponsorship group, and have the funds needed to support themselves and any dependants after arrival in Canada.