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On average, Canadian citizenship is granted to approximately 160,000 individuals each year. In order to become a Canadian citizen, you must accumulate three years (1095 days) of “residence” out of the last four years in Canada.  Residence may include temporary absences from Canada provided you meet certain criteria.  In addition, you may count time you spent in Canada before you became a Permanent Resident, if that time falls within the four year period. 

You must also meet the following criteria:

be 18 years of age or older;

be a permanent resident of Canada;

have lived in Canada for at least three of the four years before applying

be able to communicate in either English or French;

be able to demonstrate knowledge about Canada and the rights and responsibilities of Canadian citizens (persons over the age of 54 are not required to do the citizenship test).


Children need not meet the residency requirement, but they must be a permanent resident of Canada and an adult applying on their behalf must either be a Canadian citizen or be applying for citizenship as a family. Certain people may not apply for citizenship; for example, those subject to a removal order, in prison or on probation, or whose citicenship has been revoked in the last five years. 


Individuals born outside Canada to Canadian parents may already be citizens; if so, they may apply for a formal determination of whether or not they are a citizen.